- History was written on a grand scale in this small but
fiercely breathtaking region. The Spaniard
planted its roots here, in the strip of land along the Pacific coast hemmed by the
towering Sierra Madre. Today, the pristine
seashores, and the forlorn green surroundings reach for the horizon. From the marvelous beauty of the rugged coast to
the history of its towns, the charm and handsome beaches and fishing villages, Aurora
province is a land of enchantment, a trove of delight waiting to be explored.
- When I visited the province seven years ago, I decided, on a
whim, to plod around the shore of Baler. I
did not make it all the way, partly because there are too many marshes and other breaks in
the seashore. But I did retrace the journey
that Fray Blas Palomino, OFM, made in 1609 along those stretch of land, and I imagined how
things have changed since then. I could
understand why so many people are drawn, as he and his company were, to the shore of
the resounding sea, determined to get it into us.
I could also imagine, to a greater or lesser degree, the problems that now
beset the province¾over-logging,
over-fishing, erosion, pollution, and moreover, the unconsciousness of the people towards
the environment. Nonetheless, Baler and
Casiguran, in both its history and its geography, are too much a special case to stand for
the whole Pacific shores of the province. I
decided, therefore, to have a look at the rest of the long coast from north to south.
- This digest is a record of my findings and admiration to the
province where I first see the light of day taken at different times. It was the visionary description of the coast of
Aurora from Umiray to Diapitan Bay. I hope,
it will make it easier to see the coast as a whole and to see how it is faring almost four
centuries after the missionaries reported finding it.
- It was not what some traveling salesman, misled by rumors
had imagined¾ Aurora
province is a land of plenty. So powerful was
that appeal that in course of time the province where to receive greatest migration in
history. For some years, Aurora has been
interfacing with the new comers, starting place for new lives, new ventures, and new
- The historic role has not been fulfilled without damage to
the province itself. For so many years,
before the coming of the new immigrants, native Aurorans had lived lightly on this land.
They felled a few trees, cleared fields for their plantings, set weirs for fish. They had not the means to leave much mark on the
land, nor did they understand the doctrine, proclaimed in the book of revelation, that the
earth and all its creatures had been created for the sole use and benefits of the human
race. Thus, at the beginning of the mid-19th
century, the untouched land was impacted by the ax, the plow, the gun, and, in time the
pile driver, the bulldozer, the concrete and bricks layer, the pesticides, etc. In assessing the damage that the people have done
to Aurora, mostly in the last fifty years, it is not easy to think of things that we have
done to counterbalance the harm. The best to
be said is that we have stopped doing some of the worst things. We have generally stopped destroying coastal
wetlands and the rainforest.
- The bright side of the picture is that, except for the
marshes and the wetlands, the damage is not irreversible.
The fish will come back if over-fishing, dynamiting and poisoning them are
stopped. The shellfish will recover if the
pollution is controlled. Where the rainforest
has been logged, the trees will grow again if they are planted and protected.
- Some like to think that Juan de Salcedo, the Spanish
conquistador, was the first voyager from New Spain (Mexico) to see the coast of Aurora province. Very likely, the first were Fray Esteban Ortiz,
with companion, Fray Juan de Porras, OFMs, but no one has placed them with certainty. So Fray Blas Palomino, OFM, and seven of his
Franciscan brothers goes the credit for its first authentication in 1609.
- For more than a century since the shore of Aurora (Baler
and Casiguran), were visited by the
missionaries, it idled away its days in what it seemed¾ to the outside
world, at least¾ content,
nearly in unlived-in state. In fact, none of
the residents probably even noticed when Fray Esteban Ortiz and Fray Juan de Poras, OFMs,
reconnoitered the area in 1578. They
continued their quiet existence until 1611, when the first missionary, Fray Juan Francisco
de San Antonio arrived in Baler, built the church and introduced the teaching of Christ.
- When they discovered the region, they reminisced the Exploit of
Esplandia, an imaginary place somewhere along the scene¾ resembled
Aurora. The Spanish chart was imprecise¾ what they
found is a strip of land along the shoreline of the Pacific Ocean that belongs to the
Empire of Pampanga during the early
years of its discovery. Indeed, the mid-eastern land that stretched the foothill of the
Sierra Madre mountain range was a paradise, undeniably blessed.
- Aurora took shape on the maps of Spanish chart makers, it
was seen to be a coastline of geologic variety hardly matched anywhere else in the
Philippine Archipelago. The northern section,
from the present Isabela border to the northern boundary of Quezon province, is a jagged
front of promontories, inlets, and set off by hundreds cliffs. The rest of the coast is the complicated work of
volcanic upheaval broken by rocky headlands, marshes, and breathtaking beaches. From Dilasag to Dingalan, the prevailing pattern
is that of long, thin coastal barriers¾ some of them
islets and some of them splits¾ backed by
coves, sounds, and great inland reaching bays.
- Aurora is unmatched in its abundance and diversity. Its Central Valley is the most productive
agricultural land in the entire province. The mist-covered jungles are home of the
Dipterocarp unparalleled elsewhere in the world. It
is extravagantly lush, with ferns dangling overhead and mosses sheathing massive tree
trunks like green velvet. An emerald glow
suffuses the air as sunlight filters through the canopy. This is the true rainforest¾ the largest
one in northern Luzon. In the interior part
of the jungle, some trees developed interdependence with moss that envelope them. Although some species of vine, fern, lichen,
liverwurst, and other epiphytic plants use tree trunks and branches as an anchor, they
derive their food from the air and rains. The
trees on the other hand, actually feed on their guest, extending small aerial roots into
the moss to draw out nutrients. Some of these aerial plants are extra-ordinarily fragile
- Equally grand is Auroras 328 kilometer coastlines. This dramatic rim of the province has been source
of inspiration ever since the Spanish friars began building missions along this Pacific
coast 388 years ago. Today the roads that
link Baler to the rest of the towns in the province closely follows and captures the
splendor, the power of waves crashing against the coast, and twilight glows that
transforms the evening sky into a palette of pastels.
It stretches along vast expanse of the ocean at the edge of Aurora. Here, nature is in balance, as well as abundance. Sky, sea and shore meet in unimaginable beauty
that does indeed seem near to gods, or at least divinely inspired. A mere seven hours
drive from Manila to the balmy beaches of Baler, the capital, is awesome. The journey through Baler-Bongabong or Canili
Pantabangan national roads is not for the fainthearted.
It winds through the Sierra Madre and subject to washouts and landslides
with every torrential rainstorm. During the
dry season, it has a tendency to crumble away into nightmarish gorges. Usually only logging trucks or dilapidated public
buses or local jeepneys grind through the mountain, splashing through streams that tumble
across the road from the heights and then drop into chasms, passing beneath giant ferns,
towering trees, feathery pandanus pines that crowd the margins of the road. The landscape is dominated by peak higher than
thousand meters, which today remain unexplored. Traveling
by air the view of fog-stranded mountain is dazzling, but only at the ground level does
one begin to appreciate their immensity. No
mortal can feel anything but insignificant and humble in those imposing surrounding.
- What is it about Aurora province that makes it enhancing? In reality, it had a strangely seductive
out-of-time pace that proved a match for anyone dreamlike style. And if there is a Philippine version of La Dolce
Vita, you can find it along the shores of Aurora. Its long and languorous expanse stretching from
the grayish-white sandy beach of Dingalan Bay to the sandy cove of Dilasag are beauties to
behold. The vast Pacific brushes with its
white foamy waves the shores along the rocky cliff blanketed by the blue-green vegetation. Its sandy beach glitters like gold attracting
developers to build lavish and fanciful resorts.
- Some of the latest resort sprung overnight, and they
continue to sprout, the hottest new spots are the beaches along the outer bank of Sabang,
Labasin, Buton and the vicinity around the promontory of Ermita (Point Baja)
all the way to the area of Puntian by the Rock of Dimadimalangat. It resembles the resort in the islands of Bora
Bora in French Polynesia. The resort holds
gracious undiscovered fishing areas where life center around the surf, tides, seasons and
its mystical beauty.
- You can come to this marvelous shoreline alone, with a
lover, friend, or as a family. You can come
sport fish, to swim, to surf, or enjoy the nightlife.
Or simply relax in the finest beach in the area, to eat grilled fish (inihaw na isda)
and drink cold San Miguel beer. While the
choices are limited nonetheless, its glamour, gracious and exotic, promising unimaginable
- Some years ago, Duval and Sheen descended here to film the
Now. Since then, Aurora has been a favorite haunt of the beautiful people,
who consider it their own quaint playground.
- My interest about Aurora had roots from the memories of my
youthful days in Baler, plus the myths and legends recounted to me by my grandparents. In addition, to the historical records I
discovered from the Franciscan and Augustinian Recollect Archives in Spain. All these fueled me to write about this province
with nostalgic and historical yesteryears. I
am convinced that this historical facts will captivate future generations, and I would
like to believe that this work, in addition to broadening interest in the topic, will
contribute to a better understanding how the province of Aurora came into existence.
- During the discovery of Baler and Casiguran, plus the two
established missions: Mision San Jose de Casecnan/San Joseph (Maria Aurora) and Mision
de San Miguel (Dipaculao)
by the Franciscan friars, the region was part of the Empire of Pampanga ruled by Prince
Malang Balagtas. In 1591 when Tayabas was
created into a province under Governor Gomez Perez Dasmariñas, Baler and Casiguran was
obtained from the Empire of Pampanga and became a town of Tayabas including Nueva Ecija,
which was then a military district of Pampanga established in 1701 by Governor Fausto
Cruzat y Gongora. Around 1778 the district
Commander of Nueva Ecija, Colonel Manuel Monet with approval from the Governor
repartitioned the military district under his jurisdiction.
The western part became the new military district of Tarlac and assigned to
a new district commander. The eastern part
remained under him with Baler as its established capital.
- In 1785, the capital of Nueva Ecija was moved to Bongabong
and later to Cabanatuan. When Governor Rafael
Maria de Aguilar took over as Governor of the Philippines, he decreed the separation of
the military- district of Nueva Ecija from the province of Pampanga and became a regular
province on 25 April 1801 including the town of Baler acquired from Tayabas.
- During the ascension of Antonio de Urbiztondo y Equia as the
new Governor of the Philippines in 1853, he created the towns of Nueva Ecija along the
Pacific coasts to a new district of El Principe that included Baler, the
capital; Casiguran, Mision de San Miguel (Dipaculao), Mision San Jose
de Casignan (San Joseph/Maria Aurora).
- At the conclusion of the Spanish-American War when Spain
lost the Philippines to the United States, Tayabas province was assigned to the care of
Colonel Cornelius Gardener as Military Governor on March 12,1901. He abolished the
district of El Principe, and again incorporated Baler and Casiguran back to the province
of Tayabas. Mision San Jose de Casecnan/San
Aurora) and Mision de San Miguel (Dipaculao) were absorbed by Baler as a
barrio. Thus, consolidated the town along the
Pacific seaboard to a single province that extended from the boundary of Camarines Sur to
the south, and north to the boundary of Isabela province.
- Aurora is young compared to the other provinces that
bordered it. Its 21st anniversary was
celebrated last August 13, 1997. However, the major towns (Baler and Casiguran) that
represent it are as old as most towns in the entire island of Luzon.
- The postwar years found that Baler and Casiguran (northern
Quezon Province) were languishing due to its extreme isolation from the neighboring
provinces and cities. The late Aurora A.
Quezon, wife of the late President Quezon, worked for the appointment of Pedro V. Guerrero
as mayor of Baler, and Antonio A. Angara as mayor of Casiguran.
Agitated by the difficulty to journey to Lucena, the capital of the province to
transact official business, the late Mayor Pedro V. Guerrero and Mayor Antonio A. Angara,
innovatively and inceptively sought the creation of a Sub-Province of Aurora to ease the
burden of traveling over a narrow and rugged Sierra Madre road, through the fringes of the
provinces of Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Rizal, the City of Manila, Laguna, and Batangas. Moreover, to create a sub-province to materialize,
creations of more municipalities are necessary.
- Before 1901, the capital of Kalilayan
(Tayabas) now, Quezon province was the town of Tayabas. However,
after the defeat of the Iberian sovereignty and pacification of the Filipino insurgents,
the capital of Quezon was relocated to Lucena in 1901 by the American regime. Lucena during the early period was mere sitio of
Buenavista, later renamed Oroquieta. On 5
November 1879, Oroquieta was adopted the name Lucena in honor of Fray Mariano Granja, who
was from Lucena in Andalucia, Spain and responsible for its development. On 1 June 1882, Lucena became a municipality.
- On 21 July 1949, San Jose de Casecnan/San Joseph was created
as a municipality. During its creation, a new
Aurora) was given, to honor the death of Maria Aurora (Baby) A. Quezon, daughter
of the late commonwealth first lady, Mrs. Aurora A. Quezon who died with her in an ambush
on 28 April 1949. It was followed by Mision
de San Miguel (Dipaculao) on 27 November 1950. With the
addition of the two municipalities, the late Congressman Honorable Gaudencio Vera of the
Second District of Quezon submitted a bill creating the subprovince of Aurora. The bill was subsequently passed and approved by
the Congress on 14 June 1951, known as Republic Act 648.
President Elpidio Quirino appointed Mayor Pedro V. Guerrero as the first Lieutenant
Governor. On 16 June 1959, San Luis became a
municipality followed by Dingalan on 16 June 1962. Seven
years later on 21 June 1969 Dilasag followed, and subsequently Dinalungan as a municipal
- Congressman Moises Escueta submitted a bill creating the
Province of Aurora. The House of
Representative passed it, but slaughtered in the Senate.
Attempts to convince the Senate of making Aurora an independent province did
not prevail, until the imposition of Martial Law by President Ferdinand E. Marcos.
- Lieutenant Governor Luis S. Etcubañez, in 1978, sensing the
right time has finally arrive for him to act because of his political affiliation with the
21 Assemblymen of Region IV, requested their assistance to co-sponsor a Parliamentary Bill
for the establishment of Aurora as an independent province.
The bill was passed overwhelmingly. Moreover,
the approval of the people is required to know if they are really determined to be an
independent province separated from Quezon. The
plebiscite of May 1979 was held with flying colors. By
virtue of Batas Pambansa Blg. 7, Aurora province was born and officially declared and
signed by President Ferdinand E. Marcos as the seventy-third province of the Philippines,
on 13 August 1979, making the town of Baler as its Capital.
- On the occasion of 19 August 1979, the town fiesta, Atty
Luis S. Etcubañez was appointed and sworned-in by the President as Governor of Aurora. He was the first governor and the last Lieutenant
Governor of the subprovince of Aurora.
- Aurora showcases one of the most spectacular arrays of
beauties found anywhere in the Philippines. One
need only swim a few meters to see some of the 400 species of coral found here. Dropping down in the crystal clear water, you can
be greeted by these huge, colorful colonies that rise to just below the oceans
surface. Although they appear massive and
indestructible, coral reefs are extremely delicate, and the living organisms that create
them must be protected from human touch.
- Throughout the province coastal swamps, estuaries, and
saltwater marshes are dominated by mangrove forest, which create inviting environments for
crabs, clams, and turritella snails. Fertile
shoals yield shrimps and lobsters. Offshore
offer some of the world best deep-sea fishing.
- Although geologically similar to other reef systems in the
Indo-Pacific Basin, the shoreline of Aurora province differs in one important way¾its biological
diversity is extremely pronounced. The
invertebrates found in these waters are too divers to catalog, and fish populations are
among the worlds most varied.
- All those who visit Aurora province come away inspired. Travelers take home stories of Sierra Madres
greenery. Alone or shared, these visionary
moments may be purely sensory or passionately philosophical, but rarely slip away. They tend to have lasting effect and even change
- Meditate along the shore with the morning mist drifted and
rose, sunlight spread the waves with silver. Boundless
shores, edged by steep sand dunes, stretched north and south to the horizon, with
sandpipers glide at the surfs surface without a care what happen on the world next. This is Aurora province a quiet Eden where
tranquility resigns. Its an ultimate
fantasy where time sifts slowly through dull-gray sand beaches and where moment can be
spend in romantic rapture. Its a place
- TOWNS' HISTORY
IN A NUTSHELL
- The early Spanish missionaries of two different religious
groups were the pioneer builders of the town of Baler.
They were the Franciscan and the Augustinian Recollect, men of God,
imbued with the gallant courage of crusaders, the fervent faith of martyrs, and noble
virtues of saints. Without arms, but their
crucifixes and rosaries, they penetrated unexplored jungles and crossed uncharted
mountains to bring the gospel of Christ to the people into the region; so doing, they
suffered untold misery, even untimely death.
- Upon their arrival into the Philippines, missionaries of
different denominations were organized according to the provinces they were to evangelize. For the Franciscans, OFM (Order of Minor
Friar), their organization was known as Province of Saint Gregory the Great (Provincia de San
Gregorio Magno) and Augustinian Recollects, AR (Augustinian
Recollects), their organization was known as Province of Saint Nicholas of
de San Nicolas de Tolentino). The first unofficial incursion into the land that is
now Baler was the arrival of missionaries Fray Esteban Ortiz, and Fray Juan de Porras,
OFMs, on June 1578. Consequently, due to the
shortage of church representative their stay was short-lived. They were recalled for a more important mission
elsewhere. Thirty-one years hence, on July 1609, Fray Blas Palomino, OFM, and six of his
Franciscans brothers undaunted by the uncertainty that awaits them, trekked through the
jungles of eastern Caraballo and western Sierra Madre mountain ranges and discovered the
hamlet of Baler at Kinagunasan (Wash-away). It was situated to the right of San
River that flows to the Bay that bears the same name two years after the English
established Jamestown as its first settlement in America.
- Baler Bay was formed from the headland of Point Encanto (Pokpok na
Bundok) south through northeast to Point Dinadyawan. Accessed only by sea it was extremely difficult
during the monsoon season, while certain time of the year almost impossible.
- After Fray Blas Palomino, OFM discovered Baler he did not
remain there. He continued his journey
- On 24 October 1611, Fray Juan Francisco de San Antonio
arrived in Baler as its first assigned missionary. Upon
arrival he constructed the church and began spread the gospel of Christ among the people. He stayed in Baler through May 1, 1613, and
relieved by Fray Miguel Soriano, OFM.
- On 31 August 1658, because of shortages of the Franciscan
missionaries, the Vicar General, Fray Francisco de Ribera, OFM relinquished the management
of the Baler parish to the Augustinian Recollect. The
transfer took effect on 1 September 1658. Fray Francisco Perez, OFM the last Franciscan, was
relieved by the first Augustinian Recollect, Padre Agustin de Santa Monica, AR. The Franciscan regained the ministry of Baler
forty-five years later on 7 May 1703. It was
handed over by Padre Francisco de la Madre de Dios, AR, to Fray Juan de la Torre, OFM.
- The date of 27 December 1735 was a devastating event in the
history of Baler. Around two oclock in
the morning while the people were on their sleep, an uncanny phenomenon occurred. A tidal wave of tremendous velocity engulfed the
town with no warning and within an hour it was gone.
One of survivors were Fray Jose de San Rafael, OFM, a missionary from
Casiguran who was at Baler for a visit, plus a handful of families that included: the
Angara, Bihasa, Bitong, Carrasco, Lumasac, the Poblete (tell tale),
who managed to swim to the nearby hill of Point Baja.
The phenomenon was weird because it happened so suddenly. There was no manifestation of bad weather and the
night was starry and bright. The nearby town
of Casiguran, Mision de San Miguel (Dipaculao) and the village of Dingalan were not
touched by the devastating tidal waves, despite the fact that they were situated on the
same coastal area.
- Sometime after the deluge, a new town was constructed on a
land belonging to sitio Zabali, located 15°45 latitude on a hilly terrain about 8
kilometers west of Baler Bay. It borders 15
kilometers northeast, with Mision de San Miguel (Dipaculao), 15 kilometers northwest, with
Mision of San Jose de Casecnan/San Joseph (Maria Aurora), 62 kilometers southwest, the
District of Pantabangan, 52 kilometers to the north, the town of Casiguran, 97 kilometers
south, the town of the District of Infanta, and 99 kilometers west, the town of Bongabong. Casiguran and Infanta were accessible only by sea.
- No one gets to Casiguran by accident. And even if one were to do so, he would be
fortunate to reach the town after traversing either the Sierra Madre mountain or sail
through the Pacific Ocean. And what a town it is! Casiguran
is desolately located shimmering along the eastern coast of Casiguran Sound. It is a veritable utopia of mountainous scenery,
unspoiled beaches, and some of the most exotic plant and animal life can be found. So it is not difficult to imagine why people all
over the country chose this town as his own place of recluse.
- Casiguran was discovered six months after Baler by the same
Franciscan, Fray Blas Palomino, OFM, in 1609. The
first missionary assigned was Fray Pascual Serrano, OFM, in 1616. Like Baler, it was taken over by the Augustinian
Recollects in 1658 and returned to the Franciscans in 1703.
The church is dedicated to the patron saint, San Antonio de Padua.
- It is comforting to know that in the hustle and bustle of
Everyday life, there still exists a serene setting as pristine and unspoiled as nature
intended¾and one of the
last destinations free from commercialism. Dilasag,
the town that became a municipality on 21 June 1969 complement the sub-province, with the
possibility of becoming a regular province, and it did ten years later.
- The town of Dilasag in and around has a certain
feel that separates it from other beautiful beaches. Here, the wilderness is divided by a river
that is surrounded by both steep mountains and open flood plains. It and other smaller streams flow through shadowy
gorges with crafty vertical cliffs rising besides the seashore. Even where there are no rocks in sight the land
seems usually rugged; and its history, both real and legendary, is colorful to match.
- Amidst its landscape of scattered islets, crushing surf,
rainforest and sand beach, the senses awaken. Here
you perceive the world in all its elaborate splendors.
Now, inspired by the signature flower of the Pacific, the orchids at Dilasag
rainforest graces the landscape in a myriad of colors.
Canawer Beach where Katagman river flows meet the ocean¾these are but a
few of Dilasag sophisticated pleasure. You
can go the life of your own pace, where eating is a function of desire, not the ticking of
a clock. You can stroll down on shimmering white sandy shores, skin dive and immerse
yourself in the tranquility of the ocean and
- Breathtaking landscapes, for it is here you can relax both
body and soul. When its over, just
close your eyes and savor the dream of this paradise.
Its a hideaway for those who prefer to leave the maddening crowds
behind and get back in touch with nature. It
is a sanctuary for man and nature, an area rich in blessing, land abundance and much of it
- Dinalugan's destiny has been molded by water. Located at the rim of the vast Pacific, southwest
of Casiguran. A ribbon of dunes, san-bars,
and coral reefs dotted with deep lagoons (lamaw) festoons the coast. Its abounds with coral reefs, and the water
so clear that skin-divers can at times see 60 feet away.
Its endless stretches of sandy beach hilly dunes and marshy meadows
remain virtually undeveloped. Youll
want to kick off your shoes and walk along to take in the spectacular vista. Its youngest town in the province. The nations lawmakers granted its township
on 16 June 1966.
- Drifting along is Dinalungan River that slice through
limestone clay bluff amid timberland, and farmland, and out to the Pacifictranquility
and remoteness which seem inherent to this verdant town.
Ghostly mist hovering an eerie landscape encrusted in white fog. Dinalugan is better known for its natural beauty
than its history. It remains one of the most
unspoiled sections of the province.
- Tucked in the tip of southern Aurora province are the
incredible town of Dingalan¾visitors will
find its natural treasure¾the verdant
hillsides, golden reefs, rosy sunsets and the friendly residents.
- If you want to visit a world where no one even heard of,
journey to the town of Dingalan. Its a
quintessential mid-eastern Pacific town that succumbed to the beauty of the bay, the
surrounding landscape, and graciousness of its residents.
Under a full moon, it is irresistible.
It gives you breathtaking luxury and peaceful seclusion while offering the
- From the hill surrounding the town, convocation of unseen
hornbill interrupts the midmorning silence, disputing raucously in the dense forest. They pause momentarily then resume their trilling,
cackling, nagging, argumentative chorus. Above,
the sun glints through the canopy of giant trees. This
is Dingalan where beauty glimmers.
- Like San Jose de Casecnan/San Joseph (Maria Aurora),
Mision de San Miguel (Dipaculao) was established by Fray Sebastian de
la Madre de Dios in 1719, Thirty-two years prior San Jose de Casecnan. Both missions were
under the jurisdiction of Baler Parish and established to perpetuate the gospel of Christ.
- Dipaculao is hemmed by mountain visible in almost every
direction, dark-blue and hump-backed, foggy and darkly polished at dusk. No one but geologist would know by their
appearance that they are mostly marble, the roads glitters with it, and you start to
notice that almost everything else is, too¾there is
quiet luster to the town. Visiting it is like
going back in time to a more innocent mission, slower-phased, immune to the daily
pressures of survival.
- In Amper Beach some few kilometers northeast of the town is
enticing and undeniably beautiful. It is
endowed with grayish-black granite rocks formation, silts and marbles, miniature cave, and
hill of waves that is far excellent for surfing. Combined
with the cool airflow from the Sierra Madre and the warm breeze of the Pacific, its
a utopia for romance.
- Maria Aurora
- Mystical, mesmerizing fog¾a morning
blanket so characteristic of this town. Maria
Aurora that used to be, Mision de San Jose de Casecnan as better known during the
early years of the Spanish domination, and San Joseph as popularly known during the early
years of my childhood, was established by Fray Manuel de Olivencia, OFM, on 1753. However,
due to the shortage of church clergies, assigned priest did not make it there until eight
years later, and the honor went to Fray Francisco Ferreras, OFM. From this small mission, he spread the gospel of
Christ among the non-Christian.
- During the time of its establishment, San Jose de Casecnan
was populated by Ilongots. As years drags on,
people all over the Archipelago migrated to San Jose de Casecnan as land prospectors
forcing the Ilongot to vacate the mission. They
moved further in land avoiding the interference of outsiders to their primitive way of
life. They settled on the foothill of the
Sierra Madre known today as Kadayakan. Moreover,
twenty-two years prior to the enactment of the Philippine Commonwealth, Governor Cameron
William Forbes, on 21 August 1912 declared this land area as reservation for
non-Christians. Likewise, Dibut in San Luis,
Ditale in Dipaculao, Calabgan in Casiguran, and Umiray in Dingalan.
- San Luis
- Every waterfalls flow into the sea. But Cunayan Falls in San Luis flows into your
heart. Its a waterfall of pure,
undiluted love. Where laughter and color
splash together with joyfulness. Get caught
up in the ebb and flow. For this
waterfall together with Disalet river will instill in you unforgettable memories.
- San Luis, one of the most under-visited town in the province
at present, is also one of the most beautiful. You
can snorkel through the kaleidoscope river of Disalet or gaze at the green valley
surrounding it. Its a town to behold.
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